Smart Building Sensors in New York
Smart building sensors collect environmental and operational data of buildings and reactions to the collected information in real-time. They are at the forefront of smart building benefits. They improve the comfort of residents and make maintenance operations convenient. This artificial intelligence system is more advanced compared to ordinary manual management as it facilitates communication with other external applications.
Types of Smart Building Sensors
As mentioned earlier, sensors are the front end of the buildings of the future and directly interact with the measured object. The function is to observe the change of the measured parameter and dispatch a signal suitable for it.
The temperature sensors are for measuring the environment temperature. Depending on the installation places, the appearance and measurement principle of the temperature sensor varies. The most common is installing an HVAC that moderates the temperature and adjusts the indoor climate according to outdoor environmental changes. Installation close to the computer or in a cabinet monitors the temperature and prevents overheating caused by the load. Sensors are also used for cold chain temperatures monitoring applications such as pharmaceuticals and food safety.
Future smart buildings require a suitable temperature to improve people’s morale for work and conducive to physical health. Consumer comfort in supermarkets and shopping malls is enhanced when the temperature range is controlled.
Humidity sensors measure the relative humidity in the air and are usually used with temperature sensors. Most machinery and equipment cannot withstand humid environments, and moisture in the air can lead to metal corrosion. The humidity sensor can monitor and control the HVAC system to ensure that the humidity is kept safely.
High or low humidity is conducive to spreading and reproducing viruses and bacteria. When air humidity is higher than 65% or lower than 38%, the germs multiply and breed quickly, and when the relative humidity is 45%-55%, the germs die faster. Humidity sensors play an essential role in regulating climate and tenant comfort.
Motion sensors use infrared rays to detect movements of people or animals in a specific area and convert the information into electrical signals. Such sensors are ideal for monitoring intruders. They are also used to automate building controls, such as the kind of sensor used in the construction industry to observe whether there are intruders. It can also automatically perform building controls, such as automatic lighting, automatic door, hand dryers, and toilet flushers. To monitor the availability of personnel, ceiling installation is used to cover a larger area. When the emitted infrared rays are blocked, the sensor will promptly sound an alarm to alert the staff.
The indoor air quality sensor uses IoT and computer technology to configure the sensor and collect indoor air temperature, light, particulate matter, humidity, illuminance, carbon dioxide, noise, TVOC, formaldehyde, noise, and various environmental factors in real-time. The data goes to the remote monitoring and ecological protection platforms, so managers and environmental protection supervisors can check the current indoor air conditions through the interface platform. The future of automation uses air quality sensors to monitor the concentration of pollutants in the air, detect combustible gases, toxic gases in the petrochemical, manufacturing, pharmaceutical, and mining industries.
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